Abbot Hall, an iconic and stately Romanesque brick edifice, is the town hall located at 188 Washington Street, Marblehead, Massachusetts.
In addition to town offices for the Selectmen, the Town clerk and the Historical Commission, the building contains the highly popular Spirit of 76 painting, the original 1684 Town Deed, a Maritime Museum, Sign Museum, numerous displays and artwork related to the Town, and a Gift Shop.
It is open year-round, including weekends during the tourist season – Memorial Day through Columbus Day. (Abbot Hall open hours )
Abbot Hall History
In 1872, Marblehead native Benjamin Abbot passed away, bequeathing $103,000 to the Town. His will stated that “…it is my desire that a building shall be erected for the benefit of the inhabitants of said town; but I do not intend to limit the use of the legacy to that purpose or to impose conditions which would prevent the use of it for such other general objects as the citizens of said town may determine upon in their discretion.” After considerable controversy, in May of 1875 Town Meeting voted to “erect a public building of brick with stone trimmings, to be designated as Abbot Hall, of such dimensions as will secure an audience hall that will seat at least twelve hundred persons; a hall for a public library and reading room”, a fire proof vault for the storage and security of the records, and rooms for the use of the various boards of town officers. It was voted to place the building on the Town Common on Washington Street. A subsequent Town Meeting in December, 1875, voted to appropriate $75,000 from Benjamin Abbot’s bequest to erect the building.
The building was designed by the Boston architectural firm of Lord and Fuller. Construction of Abbot Hall began in the spring of 1876 and was completed at the end of 1877. A dedication ceremony was held on Dec. 12, 1877. The bell and clock for the tower were donated by James J. H. Gregory, well-known Marblehead seed merchant. A number of pieces of art were also donated to be hung in the building. Abbot Public Library opened in the spring of 1878, located in the present-day Selectmen’s Room and several other rooms in the building.
Because of its large auditorium, the building has been used for town meetings and other public meetings, public performances and events.
Within Abbot Hall
- Display cases on the first floor, first floor landing, auditorium and basement present objects and information about Marblehead’s history
- The first floor Maritime Museum details Marblehead’s naval history, including
- Why Marblehead is the Birthplace of the American Navy
- General John Glover’s regiment and their famous role in getting Washington and the Army across the Delaware River
- The 1997 visit of the USS Constitution to Marblehead – the last time the Constitution sailed under her own power
- Marblehead’s naval heroes and the US Navy ships named for them
- The three USS Marblehead’s – civil war gunboat, Spanish American war cruiser and WWII cruiser
- Marblehead’s role in the development of aviation and its status as the birthplace of US Marine Corp aviation
- Selectmen’s Room, containing the famous “Spirit of 76” painting, Marblehead’s original 1684 Deed, as well as many other paintings and objects of interest
- In the basement is the Sign Museum containing many shop signs of past Marblehead shops and businesses, as well as a Spanish cannon from the Spanish American War reportedly captured by the USS Marblehead in Cuba
- Many works of art are on display in the Selectmen’s Room, first floor hallway and auditorium, as well as several of the offices
- The Historical Commission Gift Shop, on the first floor, has items related to Marblehead for sale as well as displays of Marblehead Pottery and Marblehead duck decoys